Publications and Patents

Google Scholar Page

Book Chapters:

  1. S. Shin, R. Chen "Thermal transport measurements of nanostructures using suspended micro-devices", Book Chapter in 'Nanoscale Energy Transport', Ed. B. Liao, IOP Publishing, (2020).
  2. M. Zebarjadi, G. Chen, Z. Ren, S. Shin, R. Chen, J. P. Heremens, B. Wiendlocha, H. Jin, B. Wang, and Q. Zhang "Engineering of Materials", Book Chapter in 'Advanced Thermoelectrics: Materials, Contacts, Devices, and Systems', Taylor & Francis, (2018).
  3. E. Dechaumphai, J. Moon, M. C. Wingert, R. Chen "Engineering Phononic and Electronic Transport in Nanowires for Enhanced Thermoelectrics", Book Chapter in 'Semiconductor Nanowires: From Next-Generation Electronics to Sustainable Energy', Royal Society of Chemistry, (2014).


  1. R. Ihnfeldt, X. Xu, R. Chen, S. Jin, J. Zheng, "Solid State Cooling Devices", US10451321B2 (Granted: 10/2019)
  2. S. Jin, R. Chen, Z. Liu, T.K. Kim, "Spectrally selective coatings for optical surfaces", US10371416B2 (Granted: 8/2019)
  3. S. Jin, R. Chen, Z. Liu, J. Moon, T.K.Kim, B. van Saders, "Solar energy absorbing coatings and methods of fabrication", US10184051B2 (Granted: 1/2019)
  4. P. Yang, A. Majumdar, A.I Hochbaum, R. Chen, R.D. Delgado, "Nanostructures having high performance thermoelectric properties", US Patent No. 8729381B2 (Granted: 5/2014)
  5. R. Chen, S. Hong, Flexible Thermoelectric Devices,(Filed: 11/2019)
  6. R. Chen, J. Wang, S. Shin, R. Kumar, J. Roh, "Thermoelectric material ink, thermoelectric element and thermoelectric device manufactured using the thermoelectric material ink, and method of manufacturing the thermoelectric device", US20190035996A1 (Filed: 7/2018)
  7. R. Ihnfeldt, S. Jin, R. Chen, X. Xu, E. Caldwell, E. Kim,"Magnetocaloric alloys useful for magnetic refrigeration applications", US20190352747A1 (Filed: 1/2018)
  8. S. Jin, C. Gardner, Y. Zhong, G. Kim, R. Chen, C. Choi, Y. Kim, "Adaptive smart textiles, method of producing them, and applications thereof",US20180361704A1 (Filed: 12/2016)

Journal Publications:


  1. S. Shin, R. Chen "Cool Textile", Joule 5, 2258-226 (2021) (Invited Preview Article)
  2. Q. He, Z. Wang, Y. Wang, Z. Wang, C. Li, R. Annapooranan, J. Zeng, R. Chen, and S. Cai "Electrospun liquid crystal elastomer microfiber actuator", Science Robotics 6, eabi9704 (2021))
  3. K.M. Chung, J. Zeng, S. R. Adapa, T. Feng, M. V. Bagepalli, P. G. Loutzenhiser, K. J. Albrecht, C.K.Ho, R. Chen "Measurement and Analysis of Thermal Conductivity of Ceramic Particle Beds for Solar Thermal Energy Storage", Sol. Energy Mater Sol. Cells. 230, 111271 (2021), arXiv:2105.02366 (2021)
  4. A.Z.Zhao, M.C. Wingert, R. Chen, J.E.Garay "Phonon gas model for thermal conductivity of dense, strongly interacting liquids", J. Appl. Phys. 1 29 (23), 235101 (2021)
  5. J. Zeng, K.M. Chung, S. R. Adapa, T. Feng, R. Chen "In-situ Thermal Transport Measurement of Flowing Fluid using Modulated Photothermal Radiometry", Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 180, 121767 (2021) , arXiv:2105.00047 (2021)
  6. L. Yang, Y. Tao, Y. Zhu, M. Akter, K. Wang, Z. Pan, Y. Zhao, Q. Zhang, Y-Q Xu, R. Chen, T.T. Xu, Y. Chen, D. Li "Observation of superdiffusive phonon transport in aligned atomic chains", Nature Nanotechnology (2021)
  7. R. Kou, Y. Zhong, Q. Wang, J. Kim, R. Chen, Y. Qiao "A Hollow-Structured Bilayer System for Windowpane Insulation", J. Energy Eng. 147(4): 06021001 (2021)
  8. A. Wright, Q. Wang, C. Hu, Y-T Yeh, R. Chen, J. Luo "Single-Phase Duodenary High-Entropy Fluorite/Pyrochlore Oxides with an Order-Disorder Transition", Acta. Materialia (2021) arXiv:2012.12866 (2020)
  9. R. Kou, Y. Zhong, Q. Wang, J. Kim, R. Chen, Y. Qiao "Improved window energy efficiency with thermal insulating polymer-air multilayer", Appl. Therm. Eng.. vol. 191, 116890 (2021)
  10. J. Zeng, K. M. Chung, Q. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Pei, P. Li, R. Chen "Measurement of High-temperature Thermophysical Properties of Bulk and Coatings Using Modulated Photothermal Radiometry", Intl. J. Heat Mass Transf. 170, 120989 (2021) arXiv:2008.13086 (2020)

  11. 2020

  12. Y. Shi, Q. Wang, J. Zeng, Y. Yao, R. Chen "Boiling with Ultralow Superheat Using Confined Liquid Film", Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 184,116356 (2020)
  13. S.Shin, R. Chen "Plasmonically enhanced thermal radiation by means of surface phonon polaritons", Phsy. Rev. Appl. ,vol. 14, 064013 (2020)
  14. R. Shrestha, Y. Luan, X. Luo, S. Shin, T. Zhang, P. Smith, W. Gong, M. Bockstaller, T. Luo, R. Chen, K. Hippalgaonkar, S. Shen "Dual-mode solid-state thermal rectification", Nature Communications 11:4346 (2020)
  15. S. Koga, M. Makihata, R. Chen, M. Krstic, A.P. Pisano "Energy Storage in Paraffin: A PDE Backstepping Experiment", IEEE Trans Control Syst Technol doi: 10.1109/TCST.2020.3014295 (2020)
  16. T. Feng, R. Chen, R.V. Ihnfeldt "Modeling of Hydrogen Liquefaction using Magnetocaloric Cycles with Permanent Magnets", Intl. J. Refrig., vol. 119, pp 238-246 (2020)
  17. S. Hong, E. Dechaumphai, C. R. Green, R. Lal, A.N. Murphy, C.M. Metallo, R. Chen "Sub-nanowatt microfluidic single-cell calorimetry", Nature Communications 11:2982 (2020)
  18. R. Hu, Y. Liu, S. Shin, S. Huang, X. Ren, W. Shu, J. Cheng, G. Tao, W. Xu, R. Chen, X. Luo "Emerging Materials and Strategies for Personal Thermal Management", Adv. Energy Mater. 1903921 (2020) (Invited Review)
  19. Q. Wang, Y. Shi, R. Chen "Transition between Thin Film Boiling and Evaporation on Nanoporous Membranes Near the Kinetic Limit", Intl. J. Heat Mass Transf. vol. 154, 119673 (2020) arXiv (2020)
  20. A.J.Wright, Q. Wang, S.T. Ko, K. M. Chung, R. Chen, J. Luo "Size Disorder as a Descriptor for Predicting Reduced Thermal Conductivity in Medium- and High-Entropy Pyrochlores", Scripta Materialia , vol. 181, pp 76-81 (2020) arXiv (2020)
  21. S. Hong, S. Shin, R. Chen "An Adaptive and Wearable Thermal Camouflage Device", Adv. Funct. Mater. vol. 30, 1909788 (2020)
  22. A. J. Wright, Q. Wang, C. Huang, A. Nieto, R. Chen, J. Luo "From high-entropy ceramics to compositionally-complex ceramics: A case study of fluorite oxides", J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. vol. 40, pp 2120-2129 (2020)
  23. E. Shi, S. Cui, N. Kempf, Q. Xing, T. Chasapis, H. Zhu, Z. Li, J.H. Bahk, G. J. Snyder, Y. Zhang, R. Chen, Y. Wu "Origin of inhomogeneity in spark plasma sintered bismuth antimony telluride thermoelectric nanocomposites", Nano Research vol. 13, pp 1339-1346 (2020)

  24. 2019

  25. R. Shrestha, Y. Luan, S. Shin, T. Zhang, X. Luo, J.S.Lundh, W. Gong, M. R. Bockstaller, S. Choi, T. Luo, R. Chen, K. Hippalgaonkar, S. Shen "High-contrast and reversible polymer thermal regulator by structural phase transition", Science Advances Vol. 5, no. 12, eaax3777 (2019)
  26. Z. Li, S. Zhao, B. Wang, S. Cui, R. Chen, R.Z. Valiev, M. A. Meyers "The Effects of Ultra-Fine-Grained Structure and Cryogenic Temperature on Adiabatic Shear Localization in Titanium", Acta Materialia (2019)
  27. S. Shin*, Q. Wang*, J. Luo, R. Chen "Advanced Materials for High-Temperature Thermal Transport", Adv. Funct. Mater. 1904815 (2019) (Invited Review)
  28. J. Zeng, Q. Wang, Y. Shi, P. Liu, R. Chen "Osmotic Pumping and Salt-Rejection by Polyelectrolyte Hydrogel for Continuous Solar Desalination", Adv. Energy Mater. 1900552 (2019)
  29. S. Hong, Y. Gu, J. K. Seo, J. Wang, P. Liu, Y. S. Meng, S. Xu, R. Chen "Wearable thermoelectrics for personalized thermoregulation", Science Advances Vol. 5, no.5, eaaw0536 (2019)
  30. S. Shin, M. Elzouka, R. Prasher, R. Chen,"Far-field coherent thermal emission from polaritonic resonance in individual anisotropic nanoribbons", Nature Communications 10:1377 (2019)
  31. I. Gonzalez de Arrieta, T.Echaniz, R.Fuente, E.Rubin, R.Chen, J.M.Igartua, M.J.Tello, G.A.Lopez "Infrared emissivity of copper-alloyed spinel black coatings for concentrated solar power systems", Sol. Energy Mater Sol. Cells. 200, 109961 (2019)
  32. R. Kou, Y, Zhong, J. M. Kim, Q. Wang, M. Wang, R. Chen, Y. Qiao, "Elevating low-emissivity film for lower thermal transmittance", Energy and Buildings 193, pp 69-77 (2019)
  33. R. Chen, J. Lee, W. Lee, D. Li, "Thermoelectrics of Nanowires", Chem. Rev. 119, 9260-9302 (2019) (Invited Review)
  34. J. Zeng, S. Cui, Q. Wang, R. Chen, "Multi-layer temperature-responsive hydrogel for forward-osmosis desalination with high permeable flux and fast water release", Desalination 459, 105-113 (2019)
  35. E. B. Rubin, Y. Chen, R. Chen "Optical properties and thermal stability of Cu spinel oxide solar absorber coatings", Sol. Energy Mater Sol. Cells. 195, 81-88 (2019)
  36. E. B. Rubin, S. Shin, Y. Chen, and R. Chen "High-Temperature Stable Refractory Nanoneedle with over 99% Solar Absorptance", APL Mater. 7, 031101 (2019)

  37. 2018

  38. Q. Wang, R. Chen"Widely tunable thin film boiling heat transfer through nanoporous membranes", Nano Energy 54, 297-303 (2018)
  39. B.S. Lee, S. Cui, X. Xing, H. Liu, X. yue, V. Petrova, H. D. Lim, R. Chen, P, Liu "Dendrite Suppression Membranes for Rechargeable Zinc Batteries", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10 (45), pp 38928-38935 (2018)
  40. S. Cui, R. P. Dorner, M. J. Simmonds, C. Xu, Y. Wang, E. Dechaumphai, E. Fu, G. R. Tynan, R. Chen"Thermal conductivity degradation and recovery in ion beam damaged tungsten at different temperature", J. Nucl. Mater. 511, 141-147 (2018)
  41. S. Shin, S. Hong, R. Chen "Hollow Photonic Structures of Transparent Conducting Oxide with Selective and Tunable Absorptance", Appl Therm Eng. 145, 416-422 (2018)
  42. S. Shin, J. W. Roh, H.-S. Kim, R. Chen "Role of Surfactant on Thermoelectric Behaviors of Organic-Inorganic Composites", J. Appl. Phys. 123, 205106 (2018)
  43. Q. Wang, R. Chen "Ultrahigh flux thin film boiling heat transfer through nanoporous membranes", Nano Lett. 18 (5), 3096-3103 (2018)

  44. 2017

  45. G.R. Tynan, R.P. Doerner, J. Barton, R. Chen, S. Cui, M. Simmonds, Y. Wang, J.S. Weaver, N. Mara, S. Pathak "Deuterium retention and thermal conductivity in ion-beam displacement-damaged tungsten", Nucl. Mater. Energy 12, 164-168 (2017)
  46. S. Shin, et al. "High-Performance Screen-Printed Thermoelectric Films on Fabrics", Sci. Rep. 7, 7317 (2017)
  47. C. O'Dwyer, R. Chen, J-H He, J. Lee, and K. M. Razeeb "Scientific and Technical Challenges in Thermal Transport and Thermoelectric Materials and Devices", (Review article) ECS J Solid State Sci. Technol. 6(3), N3058-N3064, (2017)
  48. S. Cui, M. Simmonds, W. Qin, F. Ren, G. R. Tynan, R. P. Doerner, and R. Chen "Thermal Conductivity Reduction of Tungsten Plasma Facing Material due to Helium Plasma Irradiation in PISCES Using the Improved 3-Omega Method", J. Nucl. Mater., 486, 267-273 (2017)
  49. Y. Zhong, F. Zhang, M. Wang, C. J. Gardner, G. Kim, Y. Liu, J. Leng, S. Jin, and R. Chen "Reversible Humidity Sensitive Clothing for Personal Thermoregulation", Sci. Rep. 7, 44208 (2017)
  50. S. Kwon*, J.Zheng*, M. C. Wingert, S. Cui, and R. Chen "Unusually High and Anisotropic Thermal Conductivity in Amorphous Silicon Nanostructures", ACS Nano, 11(3), 2470 (2017)
  51. M. C. Wingert, Z. Jiang, R. Chen, and S. Cai "Strong Size-dependent Stress Relaxation in Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers", J. Appl. Phys., 121, 015103 (2017)

  52. 2016

  53. M. C. Wingert, J. Zheng,S. Kwon, and R. Chen "Thermal transport in amorphous materials: a review", Semicond. Sci. Technol., 31, 113003 (2016)
  54. S. Kwon, M. C. Wingert, J. Zheng,J. Xiang, and R. Chen "Thermal transport in Si and Ge nanostructures in the 'confinement' regime", Nanoscale, 8, 13155-13167 (2016) (Invited Review)
  55. D.W. Chun, T.K. Kim, D.Y. Choi, E. Caldwell, Y.J. Kim, J.C. Paik, S. Jin, R. Chen "Vertical Si nanowire arrays fabricated by magnetically guided metal-assisted chemical etching", Nanotechnology, 27, 455302 (2016)
  56. J. Zheng, M. C. Wingert, J. Moon, and R. Chen, "Simultaneous Specific Heat and Thermal Conductivity Measurement of Individual Nanostructures", Semicond. Sci. Technol., 31(8), 084005 (2016)
  57. M.C. Wingert, S. Kwon, S. Cai, and R. Chen "Fluid-like Surface Layer and Its Flow Characteristics in Glassy Nanotubes", Nano Lett., 16 (12), pp 7545-7550 (2016)
  58. T.K. Kim, B. vanSaders, E. Caldwell, S. Shin, Z. Liu, S. Jin, and R. Chen "Copper-alloyed spinel black oxides and tandem-structured solar absorbing layers for high-temperature solar power systems", Solar Energy, 132, 257-266 (2016)
  59. S. Cui, C. Ahn, M. C. Wingert, D. Leung, S. Cai, and R. Chen "Bio-inspired effective and regenerable building cooling using tough hydrogels", Appl. Energy, 168, 332-339 (2016)

  60. 2015

  61. Y. Choi, C. Kuru, Y. J. Kim, G.W.Kim, T.Y.Kim, R. Chen, and S. Jin, "Uniformly Nanopatterned Graphene Field-Effect Transistors with Enhanced Properties", Nanoscale Res. Lett. , 10:289 (2015)
  62. C-H Liu, Y.J. Kim, D.W. Chun, G.W.Kim, R. Chen, A.W.Yu, S. Jin, "Universal Solders for Direct Bonding and Packaging of Optical Devices", Mater. Lett., 152, 232-236 (2015)
  63. M.C.Wingert, S. Kwon, M. Hu, D. Poulikakos, J. Xiang, and R. Chen "Sub-Amorphous Thermal Conductivity in Ultra-Thin Crystalline Silicon Nanotubes", Nano Lett., 15 (4) 2605-2611(2015)
  64. J. Moon, T.K. Kim, B. VanSaders, C. Choi, Z. Liu, S. Jin, and R.Chen, "Black Oxide Nanoparticles as Durable Solar Absorbing Material for High-Temperature Concentrating Solar Power System", Sol. Energy Mater Sol. Cells., 134, 417-424(2015)
  65. T.K. Kim, B. VanSaders, J. Moon, T. Kim, c-H Liu, J. Khamwannah, R. Chen, Z. Liu, and S. Jin, "Tandem Structured Spectrally Selective Coating Layer of Copper Oxide Nanowires Combined with Cobalt Oxide Nanoparticles", Nano Energy, 11, 274-259, (2015)

  66. 2014

  67. E. Dechaumphai, R. Chen "Sub-picowatt Resolution Calorimetry with Niobium Nitride Thin-film Thermometer", Rev. Sci. Instrum., 85, 094903, (2014)
  68. T.K. Kim, J. Moon, B. VanSaders, D. Chun, C.J.Gardner, J. Y. Jung, G. Wang, R. Chen, Z. Liu, Y. Qiao, S. Jin, "Si Boride-Coated Si Nanoparticles with Improved Thermal Oxidation Resistance", Nano Energy , 9, 32-49, (2014)
  69. J. Moon, D. Lu, B. VanSaders, T. K. Kim, S. D. Kong, S. Jin, R. Chen, Z. Liu, "High performance multi-scaled nanostructured spectrally selective coating for concentrating solar power", Nano Energy , 8, 238-246, (2014)
  70. Z. Zhong, M. C. Wingert, J. Strzalka, H-H Wang, T. Sun, J. Wang, R. Chen, and Z. Jiang, "Structure-induced Enhancement of Thermal Conductivity in Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers",Nanoscale , 6(14), 8283-8291, (2014)
  71. E. Dechaumphai, D. Lu, J. J. Kan, J. Moon, E. E. Fullerton, Z. Liu, R. Chen, "Ultralow Thermal Conductivity of Multilayers with Highly Dissimilar Debye Temperatures", Nano Lett., 14 (5), 2448-2455, (2014)
  72. E. Dechaumphai, J. L. Barton, J. R. Tesmer, J.Moon, Y.Q. Wang, G. R. Tynan, R. P. Doerner, R. Chen "Near-Surface Thermal Characterization of Plasma Facing Components Using the 3-omega Method", J. Nucl. Mater., 455, 56-60, (2014)

  73. 2013

  74. J. Zheng, M. C. Wingert, E. Dechaumphai, R. Chen "Sub-picowatt/Kelvin resistive thermometry for probing nanoscale thermal transport", Rev. Sci. Instrum., 84, 114901 (2013)
  75. R. Chen "Silicide Nanopowders as Low-Cost and High-Performance Thermoelectric Materials", JOM, 65(6), 702-708, (2013)
  76. C-L Hsin, M.C. Wingert, C-W Huang, H Guo, H-S Teng, J Suh, K Wang, J Wu, W-W Wu, R.Chen, "Phase Transformation and Thermoelectric Properties of Bismuth-Telluride Nanowires", Nanoscale, 5, 4669, (2013)
  77. J. Moon, J-H. Kim, Z. C. Y. Chen, J. Xiang, R. Chen, "Gate Modulated Thermoelectric Power Factor of Hole Gas in Ge-Si Core-Shell Nanowires", Nano Lett., 13 (3), 1196-1202, (2013)
  78. V. Lee, R. Chen and C. W. Chang, "Probing the limit of one-dimensional heat transfer under extreme bending strain", Phys. Rev. B 87, 035406 (2013)

  79. 2012

  80. Nguyen, P.K., Lee, K.H., Moon, J. Y., Kim, S. II., Ahn, K. H., Chen, L. H., Lee, S.M., Chen, R., Jin, S., Berkowitz, A. "A High Production Rate Method for Producing Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 Nanoparticles for Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance", Nanotechnology, vol. 23 (2012) 415604
  81. E. Dechaumphai and R. Chen "Thermal Transport in Phononic Crystals: the Role of Zone Folding Effect", J. Appl. Phys. 111, 073508 (2012)
  82. M. C. Wingert, Z. C. Y. Chen, S. Kwon, J. Xiang, R. Chen "Ultra-sensitive thermal conductance measurement of one-dimensional nanostructures enhanced by differential bridge", Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 024901 (2012)

  83. 2011

  84. M. C. Wingert, Z. C. Y. Chen, E. Dechaumphai, J. Moon, J. Kim, J. Xiang, R. Chen, "Thermal conductivity of Ge and Ge-Si Core-Shell Nanowires In the Phonon Confinement Regime", Nano Lett., Vol. 11, pp. 5507-5513, 2011
  85. J. Rho, K. Hippalgaonkar, J. Ham, R. Chen, M. Li, P. Ercius, A. Majumdar, W. Kim, W. Lee, "Observation of Anisotropy in Thermal Conductivity of Individual Single-crystalline Bismuth Nanowires" ACS Nano, vol 5, pp 3954-3960, 2011
  86. M.-C, Lu, R. Chen, V. Srinivasan, V. Carey, A. Majumdar, " Critical Heat Flux of Pool Boiling on Si Nanowire Array-Coated Surface", Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, vol. 54, pp. 5359-5367, 2011

  87. 2010 and prior

  88. K. Hippalgaonkar, B. Huang, R. Chen, K. Sawyer, A. Majumdar "Fabrication of microdevices with integrated nanowires for investigating low-dimensional phonon transport", Nano Lett., vol 10, pp 4341-4348, 2010
  89. R. Chen, M. Lu, V. Srinivasan, Z. Wang, H. Cho, and A. Majumdar. "Nanowires for Enhanced Boiling Heat Transfer", Nano Lett., vol. 9, pp. 548-553 (2009).
  90. R. Chen, A. I. Hochbaum, P. Murphy, J. Moore, P. Yang and A. Majumdar, "Thermal Conductance of Thin Silicon Nanowires", Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 101, 105501 (2008).
  91. A. I. Hochbaum, R. Chen, R. D. Delgado, W. Liang, E. C. Garnett, M. Najarian, A. Majumdar and P. Yang, "Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Rough Silicon Nanowires", Nature, vol. 451, pp. 163-167 (2008)